Gambling is the wagering of something of value on an event that is based on chance and where instances of strategy are discounted. It is also a form of entertainment, and some people find it addictive.
While many people gamble for fun, others become compulsive and it can lead to serious problems. There are a number of ways to help someone with a gambling problem, including support from family and friends and counselling. In severe cases, some people may need residential or inpatient treatment and rehab programs. If you are worried that you have a gambling problem, it is important to seek help as soon as possible.
There are a number of factors that can contribute to harmful gambling behaviour, including mood disorders, underlying mental health issues, and coping styles. Gambling can also be triggered by events in the environment, such as the presence of nearby casinos or other gambling venues. It can also be influenced by social learning and beliefs. Individuals with certain genetic traits, such as a gene for addiction, are more likely to develop harmful gambling behaviour.
Symptoms of gambling disorder include an increase in the frequency and amount of gambling and the use of money to gamble, despite negative consequences. Typically, these symptoms affect a person’s ability to work, maintain relationships and carry out everyday activities. People who have a gambling disorder are also more likely to experience problems with drugs and alcohol. Gambling disorder tends to run in families and can be triggered by trauma or other stressful life events. It is also more common in men than in women.
Although some people can overcome their gambling problems on their own, most require professional treatment and support to break the cycle. Some people may benefit from psychodynamic therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or a combination of therapies. In some cases, medications are used to treat co-occurring conditions like depression and anxiety.
Often, the root cause of a person’s gambling disorder is financial difficulty. It is therefore essential to take steps to manage finances, such as removing credit cards and placing them in another person’s name, getting into debt management and setting limits on spending. It’s also a good idea to talk to a specialist, such as StepChange, who can offer free and confidential debt advice.