# The Basics of Blackjack

Blackjack is a card game with many different variations. Over the years, the game has undergone several significant and subtle changes. It has been said that blackjack is the precursor of the game “vingt-e-un” (pronounced “van-tay-uhn”). In Latin, ‘vingt-e-un’ means 20 and one, while 21 is a mathematically perfect number.

## Rules of the game

The basic Rules of Blackjack can be summed up in two words: “hit and stand.” Essentially, a player has two options – either to “hit” or “stand.” The first option is the more common one and has been a staple of the game for decades. However, there are exceptions.

## Best hand in blackjack

When comparing blackjack hands, the best hand is an Ace and a ten-value card. This hand is also known as ‘the natural’. It is worth 150% of the player’s bet in a standard three-to-two payoff game. However, it is possible to have a higher total value if you have a higher card value than the dealer.

## Bust cards

In blackjack, bust cards are cards that are worth more than 21 when added together. When the total of all the cards in a player’s hand is over 21, the player is deemed to have “busted”. This means the player has lost the hand, and the dealer must draw another card. A player can bust either by taking too many cards or hitting too many times. Either way, busting is a bad thing.

## Insurance bets

Insurance bets on blackjack are a good way to make extra money. However, players should be aware of the rules and probability before placing this type of wager. These bets pay two to one if the dealer has blackjack and pay one to one if the dealer does not have blackjack.

## Side bets

Blackjack players have many different options when it comes to side bets. Most side bets are based on the player’s strategy and risk-reward preferences. While there are three standard side bets in blackjack, other bets can be entertaining or profitable. These include the 21+3 bet, which is also known as poker hands or rummy, and the Over/Under 13 bet.

## Payouts on a blackjack

Payouts on a blackjack game are often low compared to other card games. Typically, players get back one unit for each winning hand against the dealer. However, there are some casinos that offer higher payouts, such as six to five.

## Card-counting strategy

Card-counting strategy is a popular way of beating the house at blackjack games. It can be used in live dealer blackjack games or online, and is based on mathematical principles. Unlike other strategies that require special math skills, card-counting strategy does not require a person to know much about basic algebra or arithmetic. Many experts have developed various card-counting systems, and most have positive results.